|LE DRAPEAU FRANCAIS
"Bleu, Blanc, Rouge"
Le drapeau Turc
The proportions of vertical stripes on the French flag when used at sea as the civil or naval ensign are 30:33:37, to give a good visual effect when flying.
Pendant la révolution française, le roi Louis XVI a accepté ces couleurs le 14 juillet 1790 (fête de la fédération) sur le Champs de Mars, signifiant que le peuple de Paris était avec le roi.
Les couleurs de Paris:
Le drapeau français résume les 3 dynasties qui ont fait l'histoire de la France pendant 10 siècles.
In brief we can accept that the colours are basically those of Paris as used on the day of the storming of the Bastille, mixed with the royal white. It is thought that the Marquis de Lafayette was responsible for inventing the red, white and blue cockade which soon became compulsory for revolutionaries in 1789. We don't have to believe that the combination arose because the king placed a red-blue cockade in his hat next to a royal white one, but combinations of revolutionary and royal emblems were common at that time. The flag was created in 1790 but with the colours the reverse of what they are today, i.e. with red at the hoist, and revised in 1794 to the modern form. The 1790 flag existed only as part of the jack and ensign of the navy. The flag went out of use with Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo, but was brought back in 1830 (again by Lafayette) and has remained in use ever since. Although significances have been attached to the colours these are all spurious and invented after the fact. The red and blue of Paris were the livery colours of the coat of arms and natural ones for use by the militia.
The blue-white-red of the French revolution comes from the combination of the royal white with the Parisian red and blue (the latter derived from the arms of Paris, and in use since the middle ages); the colors were combined for the first time when the king visited Paris on July 17, 1789, a few days after the taking of the Bastille. Lafayette is often credited with the idea. The new cockade symbolized the reconciliation of the king with the city. It quickly became the cockade of the revolution. The three colors in vertical stripes were first used as a canton on naval flags in 1790, and extended to the whole field in 1794; meanwhile, in 1794, crosses disappear and various arrangements of the tricolor are used by the army; Napoleon standardized first in 1804 to a white field chape-chausse of red and blue, and in 1812 to the modern French flag. In 1804 took place the distribution of new flags to the regiments, and it is at that time that the near-religious rituals surrounding regimental flags were adopted.
François Velde, 30 June1995
The colors of the French flag "combine" different symbols (invented after the fact):
Pierre Gay, 15 September 1998
The French National Convention adopted as national flag the three colours blue, white, red on 4 February 1794 - or more exactly, on 27 pluviôse an II in the revolutionary calendar. The decree says (in my own free translation):
II. The national flag shall be formed of the three national colours, set in three equal
bands, vertically disposed so that the blue is attached to the staff of the flag, the
white in the middle, and the red flying in the air.
III. The jacks and the daily ensign are formed in the same way, observing the size proportions established by custom.
IV. The commissioning pennant shall be also formed of the three colours, with one-fifth blue, one-fifth white, and three-fifths red.
Armand Noël du Payrat, 4 February 1998
La présente Constitution (1958) dit:
"L'emblème national est le drapeau tricolore, bleu, blanc, rouge"